Which organs can survive the transplant?
When a patient is diagnosed with a chronic condition such as Parkinson’s disease or cancer, they might need a transplant.
However, a lot of organs, including those in the brain, kidneys, and liver, can be affected.
The brainstem, the part of the brain that controls movement and breathing, is the most vulnerable organ in the body.
The spinal cord is made up of three parts: the corpus callosum, a collection of nerve fibres in the spinal cord; the corpus spongiosum, which surrounds the corpus lobule; and the caudate nucleus, a small group of nerve cells that form a connection between the brainstem and the spinal nerves.
A transplant is a medical procedure in which a healthy person’s body is given an organ from a deceased donor.
A successful transplant will help a person with a disease, illness or disability to live a longer life.
A patient with a brainstem disease will be given a transplant because it’s not possible to get a transplant of the whole brain.
A brainstem transplant will only be done for a person who has a serious, long-term disease or injury.
Brain stem transplantation is one of the rarest and most challenging medical procedures.
Most doctors do not even have the necessary skills to perform a brain stem transplant, let alone to transplant a healthy part of a person’s brain.
According to the World Health Organization, there are currently 2.3 million transplants performed in the world every year.
However it’s estimated that about 1 million people die every year because they cannot get a brain transplant.